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  • 9 months later...

Some additional types of therapy separated into "Traditional" and "Alternative".

Information for this was pulled from the following site: http://counsellingresource.com/

These lists are not ALL the therapies available. A list of external links for more information can be found towards the end of this post.

Traditional Therapy

  • Couples Counseling and Family Therapy - Sometimes just with an individual, but usually with a couple or the entire family. Both are similar in approach. Often involves discussions & problem-solving sessions with the therapist acting as facilitator/mediator. Can help with the way couples and/or family members interact with each other.

  • Group Therapy - Typically involves groups of 4-12 people with similar problems. The therapist acts as facilitator/mediator to a somewhat lesser degree in many cases. Relies mostly upon the interaction of the group's members to help each other and/or to modify the member's behaviour(s).

  • Interpersonal Psychotherapy - One-on-one with therapist. Focus is mainly on patient's current life and relationships. (family, social, work, etc.) Goals are usually to identify and resolve problems with insight. Also to build upon prior strengths.

  • Play Therapy - Typically used for young(er) children. Uses activities to help establish communication with the therapist. Play activities also help to identify and then work on resolving problems the child is having. Activities often used in play therapy include: puppets, games, drawing or other art, dolls/action figures and toys that can be grouped into "families". (such as dinosaurs or other animals) Some therapists will use a "reward system" at the end of a session for rewarding participation. (a small box of token toys the child can choose from as a reward)

  • Psychoanalysis - One-on-one with psychoanalyst, typically 3-5 times a week. Focus is usually on past conflicts as the cause of current emotional and behavioural problems. Typically long-term and intense. "Free association" method used to explore unconscious motivations and previous unproductive ways or patterns of resolving problems.

  • Psychodynamic Psychotherapy - One-on-one with therapist. Although similar to Psychoanalysis it differs in intensity, frequency of sessions (once or twice weekly) and duration. Past experiences, genetics and current situation are all taken into account for patient's behaviour. It also recognizes the impact of emotions and unconscious motivational factors can have on behaviour.

Alternative Therapy

  • Self-Help
  • Diet & Nutrition
  • Pastoral Counseling
  • Animal Assisted Therapies
  • Expressive Therapies

    • Art
    • Dance/Movement
    • Music/Sound

    [*]Culturally Based Healing Arts

    • Acupuncture
    • Ayurveda
    • Yoga/Meditation
    • Native American
    • Cuentos

    [*]Relaxation & Stress Reduction Techniques

    • Biofeedback
    • Massage
    • Guided Imagery or Visualization


    • Telemedicine
    • Telephone Counseling
    • Electronic Communication
    • Radio Psychiatry

    http://counsellingresource.com/types/alternative.html which is where I got the list from. At some later date I may include short descriptions for them.

For more info on the "Alternative" Therapies please visit:

Here are also some links for both "Traditional" and "Alternative" therapies, other types of therapy not listed here and links to additional summaries:

Additional Summaries of Therapy Types







Google search for "types of therapy"

"Traditional" Therapy






"Alternative" Therapy










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  • 3 years later...
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  • 1 year later...
Guest Vapourware

A few more...

Brief Solution-Focused Therapy / Solution-Focused Therapy:

A therapy that is focused on finding solutions for issues, over exploring the reasons behind the issues. It's goal-orientated and future-focused. It's generally very good for single-issue problems. It's a strengths-based approach, in that people are seen to have an understanding of how to solve their problems, but they just need help.

One of the interesting aspects of BSFT is their use of the scaling question, where someone is asked to offer a number from 1-10 to reflect their feelings. Another interesting aspect of BSFT is the concept of the "miracle question", where the client is asked about how their life would look, if a miracle occurred and their lives were changed.

This is a good summary: http://www.solutionfocused.net/solutionfocusedtherapy.html

Narrative Therapy:

Seems to be chiefly Australian, but might be expanding internationally. Narrative Therapy is based around the premise that a person's life history is made of "stories" or "narratives", which affect how they perceive life, themselves and other people. Narrative Therapy works on challenging a person's narrative when a person has developed negative views of themselves [i.e. the negative "victim" vs the postive "survivor"]. It's a non-judgemental therapy with the intention of empowering a person, through encouraging them to develop different perspectives of themselves.

Detailed information: http://www.dulwichcentre.com.au/what-is-narrative-therapy.html

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  • 2 years later...

I restarted therapy again earlier this year with a new therapist.  After an initial assessment, he suggested Schema Therapy.  I hadn't heard much about it before so I ended up doing a lot of poking around on the web to get an idea of what it entailed and what would be expected of me in the process.  I'm not very far along with this yet, only about 2-3 months in so far.  So I haven't personally experienced the discussions and exercises of the later stages yet.


It was developed by Dr. Jeffrey E. Young originally specifically for personality disorders and what were described as "chronic axis 1 disorders".  It is a relatively new integrative psychotherapy that incorporates theories and techniques from other existing therapies such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Attachment Theory, and Gestalt Therapy. 


This was an interesting summary:



This is one of the books my therapist uses for his own reference:




The main concepts are:


Core Emotional Needs



Early Maladaptive Schemas


List of 18 Defined Schemas



Coping Styles


List of Maladaptive Coping Responses



Schema Modes


Schema Mode Listing




These powerpoints run through the general intended progression of therapy





At the beginning, I was given the Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form.  There is also a long form version available.  There are links on the internet with sample questions but not the entire questionnaire (even the short form is several pages long)



I've had homework in the form of schema therapy flashcards similar to this:


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